Context and Appropriateness
One of the key concepts in pragmatics and discourse studies is the context. The importance of context for the analysis of texts is explicated by the fact that context serves the background against which a text unfolds and is read/understood by listeners or readers. Therefore, the meaning of any text depends fully on the context. In order to conduct accurate analysis of a text, an analyst needs to study its context. There are two types of context: micro context and macro context.
Micro context is the linguistic (grammatical, phonological, lexical, syntactic, etc.) environment of a text.
Macro context is the sociolinguistic (the social ranks of the interlocutors, the epoch in which the interaction occurs or the text is written, etc.) environment of a text.
Due to the importance of the concepts a lot of monographs and articles are published on the topic. In this post I would like to share information about one such publication which may be useful for studying this concept. The editor of the book is Dr. Anita Fetzer (2007), a Professor at the University of Augsburg. The book can be of use to graduate students preparing for candidacy exams or doing research in the related area. It is worth mentioning that the book presupposes a certain level of knowledge of the reader in the area of pragmatics and, therefore, not all the basic terms are defined. Overall, however, the book is a good source to expand knowledge on the important topic of context.
The complete bibliographical information on the book can be found below, in the “references” section.
Fetzer, A. (2007). Context and appropriateness: Micro meets macro. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins.