Tag Archives: Chomsky

Artificial intelligence (AI) and language

Video credit: Chris I-B, “Ladder Climbing with Robot’s POV” July 30, 2013, via YouTube. This video depicts a robot that can walk and climb a ladder. In robotics, it is believed that making robots walk similar to humans is one of the most challenging tasks. Scientists, however, seem to be making progress in this respect, …

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X-bar theory = X-bar syntax

X-bar theory (= X-bar syntax) is a linguistic postulate according to which all phrases and sentences in languages are structured according to a certain (syntactic) model; this model can be made explicit through a linguistic analysis and consequently can be depicted graphically with the help of strictly hierarchical diagrams. The X-bar theory was developed within …

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Generative grammar

Video credit: The Virtual Linguistics Campus, “Syntax – Generative Grammar” March 19, 2012, via YouTube. Generative grammar is an approach to study of syntax which attempts to elaborate some general (hence generative) or overarching rules which may accurately predict possible combinations of words [i.e. syntactic structures] used by native speakers of this language to form …

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Grammar/semantics – form/meaning

In one of his books, the famous linguist Noam Chomsky (2002, p. 15) coined the following sentence: Colorless green ideas sleep furiously. Is the meaning of each individual word understandable? Why? Is the grammatical structure of the sentence correct? Why? What does this sentence tell us about the role of grammar? What about the role …

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