Tag Archives: grammar

Teaching and learning English, French, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian

Dear All, I have just come across an excellent resource for teachers and learners of English, French, Polish, Russian, and Ukrainian. This is a blog devoted to teaching and learning these languages. The blog is called Féru: https://ferulang.wordpress.com/ While teaching and learning resources are abundant on English and some other languages, they are much more …

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British English – American English: Prepositions (grammar)

Image credit: Mode de Vie Software, “Prepositions” December 6, 2010, via Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. Dear All, This post compares BrE and AmE use of prepositions and discusses some other relevant differences between these two language varieties. I would like to start with prepositions. Prepositions are short words which serve to indicate relations between words …

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British English – American English: Nouns (grammar)

Image credit: Mode de Vie Software, “Nouns” December 6, 2010, via Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. Dear All, This post continues exploring grammatical differences between BrE and AmE. Specifically, I would like to focus on nouns. There are two major points of interest in this respect: collective nouns and the use of articles. First of all, …

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British English – American English: Verbs (grammar)

Image credit: Mode de Vie Software, “Conjunctions” August 12, 2009, via Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0. Dear All, The previous several posts have been examining differences between BrE and AmE and have covered such aspects as pronunciation, spelling, and vocabulary. The next three posts are going to deal with another important aspect – grammar. Grammar is the …

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X-bar theory = X-bar syntax

X-bar theory (= X-bar syntax) is a linguistic postulate according to which all phrases and sentences in languages are structured according to a certain (syntactic) model; this model can be made explicit through a linguistic analysis and consequently can be depicted graphically with the help of strictly hierarchical diagrams. The X-bar theory was developed within …

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Generative grammar

Video credit: The Virtual Linguistics Campus, “Syntax – Generative Grammar” March 19, 2012, via YouTube. Generative grammar is an approach to study of syntax which attempts to elaborate some general (hence generative) or overarching rules which may accurately predict possible combinations of words [i.e. syntactic structures] used by native speakers of this language to form …

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Grammar/semantics – form/meaning

In one of his books, the famous linguist Noam Chomsky (2002, p. 15) coined the following sentence: Colorless green ideas sleep furiously. Is the meaning of each individual word understandable? Why? Is the grammatical structure of the sentence correct? Why? What does this sentence tell us about the role of grammar? What about the role …

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Quality grammar books

     Dear All, I have come worked with many books in ESL. However, there are two that, in my view, deserve respect in many aspects, such as clarity of explanations, brevity, amount of the material they cover, and the quality of exercises they contain. These books are also good for both work under supervision of …

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